Healthcare in Poland is based on insurance system. In order to receive free medical treatment one should have the health insurance. The institution responsible in National Health Found (pol. NFZ – Narodowy Fundusz Zdrowia). If you are legally employed and you have the health insurance, than most of the health services provided by doctors contracted with NFZ are refunded. However, medicines are subjected to refunds only partially – this may concern only some of the medicines, other might be obtained on prescription without reduction of the price. If you are insured, you gain access to examinations, surgeries and doctors’ visits.
Polish healthcare is not prepared for immigrants’ special needs, so if you don’t know Polish you may encounter some difficulties with communication. In such case, ask someone to go with you or look for a doctor who speaks your language.
During your visit to a doctor remember to take all your medical treatment history. As a foreigner, you won’t have your own history in Polish database. What is more, in Polish healthcare there are certain levels of treatment. If you want to visit a specialist, first you must pay a visit to general physician. Professional examinations are conducted by doctors:
In case of emergency like: accidents, faints, fractures or bad cuts help may be received by calling the ambulance 112 or 999. In such cases the doctor is obliged to provide help even if you don’t have insurance, just like the ambulance team.
If the patient does not require emergency help but the clinic is unavailable for various reasons, you may pay a visit to a free clinic.
Some additional information concerning Healthcare in Poland.
Zdrowie i Medycyna – a useful website with contacts to professional physicians.